The Islands and the Whales
The Islands and the WhalesFree film screening at The Cairns Institute on Wednesday 18 October 6:30pm
Our goal is to promote sustainable development in Northern Australia and the global tropics through long-term partnerships with communities, institutions and governments throughout the tropics
Improving seaweed production and processing opportunities in Indonesia
Indicative Funding: $1,600,000 over 4 years
Seaweed culture in Indonesia is one of the few available income-generating opportunities for coastal communities and supports an estimated 120,000 small holder seaweed farmers. There are however problems with seaweed quality, processing procedures and utilisation of waste streams from processing and a strong desire to commercialise new species with the ability to value-add and that new products be developed thus diversifying the markets into which seaweed can be sold.
Investigators: Nicholas Paul, Michael Rimmer and Natalie Stoeckl [Cairns Institute Adjunct] (University of the Sunshine Coast, College of Science & Engineering, College of Business and Law & Governance)
Socioeconomic systems and reef resilience (Project 10.2)
Indicative funding: $800,000 over 5 years
This project focuses on relationships between socio-economic systems and the Great Barrier Reef (GBR). It comprises three interrelated activities which seek to improve our understanding of (a) resident and tourist views about the relative 'value' of key ecosystem services that are provided by the reef; (b) tourist views about the relative value of key attributes of reef health, and the likely consequence (e.g. fewer visits, less expenditure) of deterioration in reef health; and (c) the extent to which variations in beef prices, the exchange rate and other socioeconomic variables (in conjunction with biophysical variables) influence water quality in the GBR lagoon.
Investigators: Natalie Stoeckl [Cairns Institute Adjunct], Jon Brodie, Silva Larson and Bruce Prideaux in collaboration with Taha Chaiechi, Renae Tobin, Stephen Lewis, Margaret Gooch [Cairns Institute Adjunct], Bob Costanza and Ida Kubiszewski (College of Business, Law & Governance; The Cairns Institute; TropWATER; Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation; College of Marine & Environmental Sciences; Portland State University)
Harnessing the science of social marketing and behaviour change for improved water quality in the GBR: an action research project (Project 2.1.3)
Indicative funding: $480,000 over 3 years
Working in partnership with staff from the Australian Government's DOtE, DSITI and DEHP, this project will use data collected from land managers and elsewhere to critically evaluate the way water quality improvement programmes are 'marketed'. It will use insights from those evaluations to inform the reconfiguration of marketing and engagement strategies associated with programmes scheduled for roll-out during 2017, demonstrating methods for monitoring and assessing the extent to which these different programmes and changed strategies improve adoption and alter behaviours.
Investigators: Natalie Stoeckl [Cairns Institute Adjunct], Lynne Eagle and Marina Farr in collaboration with Michelle Esparon, Meryl Churchill and Rachel Hay (College of Business and Law & Governance; The Cairns Institute; Centre for Tropical Water and Aquatic Ecosystem Research)
Sequestering carbon and improving sugarcane productivity by enhanced weathering of basalt
Indicative funding: $479,169 over 5 years administered by University of Sheffield
Arresting the build-up of atmospheric CO2 is one of humanity's biggest challenges. In geological time, the weathering of rocks consumes CO2, which is then sequestered as limestone in the ocean, but the natural rate of this process is very slow. In this project we will determine the feasibility of accelerating weathering by introducing crushed basalt (a common and easily weathered rock) into the place on earth with highest CO2 production and potential weathering rates - topsoil in the humid tropics. We will also examine the effects on soil condition and crop growth, which are likely to be beneficial.
Chief Investigators: Paul Nelson, [Cairns Institute Fellow], Michael Bird and David J Beerling (College of Science & Engineering and University of Sheffield)
Department of Industry, Innovation, Climate Change, Science, Research and Tertiary Education - Collaborative Research Networks (CRN) Program
Indicative funding: $453,065
The project is part of an Australian Government grant to Charles Darwin University to support the development of their social and environmental research capacity it has two main objectives
A. First: that Charles Darwin University is nationally recognised as a critical node in social and environmental research for the remote tropical north, working as part of a critical mass of researchers with two of Australia’s most research-intensive universities (Australian National University and James Cook University), and a major research institution (Australian Institute of Marine Science); and
B. Second: to enable ongoing and sustainable programs of multi-disciplinary collaborative, world-class research that is sought out by both end users and next users for integration into policy and practice.
Chief Investigators: Hurriyet Babacan [Cairns Institute Adjunct], Allan Dale
Collaborating Schools/Institutions: The Cairns Institute; Charles Darwin University
Seventh Day Adventist Responses to HIV in Papua New Guinea
Indicative funding: $295,650 over 3 years
The Seventh Day Adventist (SDA) Church is one of the most influential churches in Papua New Guinea with an extensive range of health, education and social services throughout the country. This research aims to document and analyse SDA policy and theology on HIV in PNG. It will then describe how these policies and theology are interpreted and influence responses to HIV by church leaders, church employees and church members.
Chief Investigators: David MacLaren with the help of Matupit Darius, Tracie Mafile'o, Graeme Humble, Lalen Simeon, Rachael Tommbe, Michael Wood, Ton Otto and Michelle Redman-MacLaren
Collaborating Schools/Institutions: School of Public Health, Tropical Medicine & Rehabilitation Sciences; Pacific Adventist University; School of Arts & Social Sciences; The Cairns Institute
Farmers of the future: The challenges of feminised agriculture in India
Indicative Funding: $300,000 ($5,910 to JCU)
Women farmers produce about 50% of all foodcrops, but are neither recognized as farmers, nor do they own productive assets. This project investigates the feminisation of agriculture in different social, cultural and agro-ecological contexts in India to ensure future food security, women's empowerment and to make rural livelihoods more sustainable.
Chief Investigators: Kuntala Lahiri-Dutt (ANU), Amita Shah (Gujarat Institute of Development Research), William Pritchard (University of Sydney), Patrick J Kilby (ANU), Stewart Lockie
Collaborating Schools/Institutions: Australian national University; Gujarat Institute of Development Research, University of Sydney, The Cairns Institute
Conflicting temporalities of climate governance: A comparative sociology of policy design and operationalisation in Australia and the UK
Indicative funding: $237,865 over 3 years
This research will investigate the ways in which climate governance both reflects and reconstitutes our understanding of the temporal dynamics of anthropogenic climate change. Through a comparative case study of Australia and the UK, the project aims to promote a deeper understanding of potential contradictions between the temporalities of global environmental change and the temporalities of governance strategies developed in response to it: to develop a more sophisticated sociological theorization of the temporalities of socio-ecological change; and to contribute to informed debate in Australia and elsewhere concerning the utility of key conceptual frameworks and policy instruments.
Investigator: Stewart Lockie (The Cairns Institute)
Searching for cost-effective methods of achieving key biodiversity outcomes in Northern Australia: are there economies of scale or scope?
Indicative funding: $222,722
Working across Australia’s North, this project will investigate the financial aspects and relative cost-effectiveness of achieving specific biodiversity outcomes by collecting and analysing data on the costs of undertaking a range of activities that could achieve biodiversity objectives, on their own, and/or in conjunction with a range of other activities (such as those associated with tourism, agriculture, carbon and/or bio-security). This activity will thus identify cost-effective means of achieving particular biodiversity outcomes and assess the importance of economies of scale and/or of economies of scope.
Chief Investigators: Natalie Stoeckl [Cairns Institute Adjunct], Sizhong Sun, Taha Chaiechi
Collaborating School: School of Business; The Cairns Institute
Training for development of teaching and learning at the Papua New Guinea University of Technology (TL-UNITECH)
Indicative funding: $210,970
The purpose of this program is to provide training to PNG UNITECH staff in teaching and learning and establish the Teaching and Learning Methods Unit (TLMU) as a functional unit driving improvements in contemporary curriculum design, blended learning, student-centred teaching, active learning, and assessment.
Chief Investigators: Stewart Lockie, Scott Davis, Nick Roberts, The Cairns Institute
Conservation planning for a changing coastal zone (Project 9.4)
Indicative funding: $207,860 over 4 years
The broad goal of this project is to identify strategic priorities for protection and restoration of coastal ecosystems that support the health and resilience of the GBRWHA, in the context of changing land use, expanding infrastructure, and climate change. More specifically, the project will address three limitations of previous research and application in conservation planning. First, conservation planning has focused principally on snapshots of biodiversity and land uses, as if planning regions were static. Approaches to conservation planning are being developed to address natural and anthropogenic dynamics1, and these approaches will be adapted and extended by this project. Second, few exercises in conservation planning have attempted to address the physical and biological interactions between land and sea and the cross-realm impacts of human activities. This project will advance land-sea planning and guide planners and managers in resolving tradeoffs between conservation objectives for terrestrial, freshwater and marine environments. Third, the implementation of effective actions in priority areas identified by conservation planning has been hampered by complex, conflicting governance (especially in coastal zones), poor understanding of real-world opportunities for and constraints on management, and lack of engagement with stakeholders. This project will link cutting-edge methods for explicit conservation planning to analysis of governance, new spatial data on management.
Chief Investigators: Bob Pressey [Cairns Institute Fellow], Hugh Yorkston, Allan Dale, Jon Brodie
Collaborating Schools/Institutions: ARC CoE Coral Reef Studies; Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority; The Cairns Institute; Australian Centre for Tropical Freshwater Research
Always-connected, always aware, always informed in rural and regional Australia: The digital homestead
Indicative funding: $170,000 over 2 years
The project will investigate how electronic services enabled by connectivity to the National Broadband Network can support greater productivity for farming enterprises, as well as providing related support and social services to rural residents.
Specifically, the project will determine how sensor and related technologies can provide information to simple and usable cloud-based decision support systems for farmers and agriculture advisers, associated with the northern beef industry, which makes up almost half of the total beef sector across Australia, thus forming a key component in driving Queensland's economic growth.
Chief Investigators: Ian Atkinson, Ickjai Lee (Cairns Institute Fellow), Phillip Pearce, Zhangyue Zhou
Collaborating Schools/Organisations: School of Business; CSIRO, QUT
The IMS 2050 Human Dimensions Project: Cost-effective indicators and metrics for key GBRWHA human dimensions and Indigenous values linked to objectives and targets in the Reef 2050 Plan
Indicative Funding: $125,000 over 2 years
Building on the work of the GBR RIMeP Program Design Group, this project will develop cost-effective indicators and metrics for human dimension outcomes, objectives and targets in the Reef 2050 Plan, consistent with the Drivers-Pressures-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework. It will add value to and ensure continuity with information collected through the Social and Economic Long-Term Monitoring Program for the Great Barrier Reef (SeLTMP). The project will: determine potential and extant indicator sets; evaluate data collection cost-effectiveness; determine thresholds (where applicable); and provide guidelines for a collaborative approach for developing grading scores, using multiple lines of evidence to rate progress towards Reef 2050 Plan targets, objectives and outcomes.
Investigators: Allan Dale in collaboration with Nadine Marshall, Margaret Gooch [Cairns Institute Adjunct] and Karen Vella (Cairns Institute, Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority and Queensland University of Technology)
Learning from coral reef 'bright spots'
Indicative funding: $99,337
This project aims to uncover novel solutions to the global problem of unsustainable coral reef fisheries by locating and learning from 'bright pots' in reef governance. In this case, bright spots are reefs in better condition than they should be, given the pressures they are exposed to (e.g., markets and human population). This proposal aims to build on my initial proof-of-concept by supporting fieldwork to uncover what makes bright spots bright, i.e., the social, economic, and institutional conditions that enable coral reef bright pots to withstand the pressures that caused other places to collapse.
Chief Investigator: Joshua Cinner (ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies; Cairns Institute Fellow)
Indicative funding: $92,656
The eCloud solution will provide Australian mining and emerging industrial markets such as South America, to integrate remote location sensors and data loggers in to a high availability “cloud” solution for real time data analysis to increase response times to critical environmental data. Sensors will be installed in extreme remote locations ranging from the Andes in South America to mining leases in Central and Western QLD, away from modern hard line communications. The research component of “eCloud” project has the following two goals:
The core of the project will be to deliver the data in a harmonious and intuitive solution for interpretation by end users in the emerging markets.
Chief Investigators: Ickjai Lee [Cairns Institute Fellow]
Collaborating Schools/Institutions: School of Business; Nepean Power; The Cairns Institute
Improving seaweed production and processing opportunities in Indonesia
Indicative funding: $70,812 over 5 years
Seaweed culture in Indonesia is one of the few available income-generating opportunities for coastal communities and supports an estimated 120,000 small holder seaweed farmers. There are, however, problems with seaweed quality, processing procedures and utilisation of waste streams from processing. There is also a strong desire to commercialise new species with the ability to value-add, and to develop new products, thus diversifying the markets into which seaweed can be sold.
Chief Investigators: Nicholas Paul, Michael Rimmer, Natalie Stoeckl [Cairns Institute Adjunct]
Collaborating Colleges: College of Science & Engineering; College of Business and Law & Governance
Relative social and economic values of residents and tourists in the WTWHA (Project 12.3)
Indicative funding: $70,800
This project will fill critical information gaps about the relative importance of key attributes (or ‘values’) associated with the WTWHA to a variety of different stakeholders and about the way in which those ‘values’ might be effected by a range of external influences (e.g. different types of economic development, increases in population, changes in the mix of visitors). It will also fill a critical methodological gap – testing and refining both ‘traditional’ and state-of-the art techniques for generating estimates of the relative importance of those ‘values’.
Chief Investigators: Natalie Stoeckl [Cairns Institute Adjunct], Silva Larsen
Collaborating School/Institution: School of Business; CSIRO; The Cairns Institute
Review of integrated models, frameworks and decision support tools to guide management and planning in Northern Australia (Project 1.2)
Indicative Funding: $62,000 over 2 years (administered by Charles Darwin University)
Different modelling tools have been developed and trialled in Northern Australia to contribute to planning for multiple objectives. The variety of available models, and the complexity of some, makes it difficult for end-users to assess which of the models would be suitable for their needs. Different models inform different types of management decisions, in different contexts, and have very different costs and human capacity requirements. This project will provide a resource that will help ensure that tools which are selected for development/trial suit end-users needs and can be feasibly developed with available resources and with knowledge of their strengths and limitations.
Investigators: Natalie Stoeckl [Cairns Institute Adjunct], Michelle Esparon, Silva Larson, Bob Pressey [Cairns Institute Fellow], Jorge Alvarez Romero, Michael Douglas, David Pannel, Vanessa Adams and Mark Kennard in collaboration with Marina Farr (College of Business, Law & Governance and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies)
Monitoring and adaptively reducing system-wide governance risks facing the GBR (Project 3.11)
Indicative funding: $55,537
Australian governments have addressed water quality issues in the Great Barrier Reef (Reef) over the last decade. While much has improved, more is needed. Reef environmental outcomes, however, depend on the interplay among diverse/fragmented governance “activities” (e.g., water allocation, ports-planning, regional NRM). Despite being recognised in the Reef 2050 Long-Term Sustainability Plan (LTSP), there is no coordinated system for benchmarking/monitoring the health of the overall Reef governance system/constituent activities. NERP supported a new method for doing so. This project both delivers short term influence over key Commonwealth and State (i.e., GBR Taskforce) decisions regarding management and investment and engages new LTSP implementation/review structures and stakeholders to build commitment to institutionalising this method over the longer term. Outputs will be directly integrated into and inform five-yearly outlook reporting.
Principal Investigators: Allan Dale, Karen Vella
Collaborating Institutions: The Cairns Institute; Queensland University of Technology; Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority
Northern Australia Policy development and sector developent (2) Northern Gulf Community Development
Indicative Funding: $40,000 over 2 years
1) Northern Australia policy development and sector development.
2) Northern Gulf community development.
Investigators: Allan Dale (Cairns Institute)
Legacy of the Lower Burdekin Water Quality Tender (Project 1.5)
Indicative funding: $39,795
This project conducts an ex-post evaluation of a water quality tender (auction) project. In 2007-08, a water quality pilot tender was trialled in the Lower Burdekin River area, funded by the Australian Government through the National Market Based Instruments and co-funded and administered by the NQ Dry Tropics. This project will collaborate with NQ Dry Tropics and engage with tender participants to review design, operational, administrative and other matters of the trial. It will evaluate the effectiveness of the tender to achieve long-term change and identify strengths as well as opportunities for improvement. The research will inform economic theory and future tenders.
Principal Investigator: Romy Greiner [Cairns Institute Adjunct]
Scoping of Options for the Mid-Term Review of the Reef 2050 Plan
Indicative funding: $38,334 administered by CSIRO
The Department of the Environment and Energy (DotEE) is seeking services to scope options for the upcoming, planned 2018 mid-term review of Reef 2050 Plan which is the overarching framework for protecting and managing the Reef until 2050. A consortium consisting of key leaders and experts from CSIRO, the Australian Institute of Marine Sciences (AIMS) and JCU, complemented with specialist expertise from an independent consultant, Eberhard Consulting has been established to conduct the review.
Chief Investigators: Allan Dale, Diane Jarvis, Jane Addison and Nerida Horner (Cairns Institute, College of Business, Law & Governance and Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation)
Wet tropics major integrated project synthesis report
Indicative Funding: $36,000
Extensive science has been conducted in the catchments of the wet tropics region with the aim of improving water quality in the Great Barrier Reef. This project aims to compile and synthesise this information for the Johnstone and Tully Catchments. The synthesis will utilize and integrate extensive existing biophysical, land management practice, social and economic data with the aim of generating new and increased understanding of the current status and options for the future. It will be used in conjunction with feasibility studies to inform decision making around the best location and mix of on-ground actions to reduce nutrient and pesticide loads.
Investigators: Damien Burrows, Stephen Lewis and Allan Dale (TropWATER and Cairns Institute)
State of Wet Tropics Report 2014/15
Indicative funding: $28,000
Each year, the Wet Tropics Management Authority prepares a report on the State of the Wet Tropics (SoWT) The report is in two parts: an annual report, and a thematic report. The selected theme for the 2014/15 State of the Wet Tropics Report is on 'The value (economic contribution) of the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area to the region'. This project will undertake the desktop research necessary to prepare that report.
Chief Investigators: Natalie Stoeckl [Cairns Institute Adjunct], Joseph Thomas, Michelle Esparon
Collaborating Institutions: The Cairns Institute; College of Business and Law & Governance
DRNM15047-Vegetation Management Policy Liaison
Indicative funding: $24,552
Support the Department to liaise with identified stakeholders and other entities in relation to vegetation management policy. Provide a written report on the outcomes of the liaison process. And provide a written report on the outcomes of the liaison process.
Investigators: Allan Dale and Jennifer McHugh (The Cairns Institute)
The impact of governance on regional natural resource planning
Indicative Funding: $20,000 over 3 years (administered by QUT)
The management of natural resources in regional Australia is challenged by complex decision-making and poorly integrated planning systems at the federal, state and local levels. Communities in resource-rich regions are facing a paralysis of decision-making because of poorly coordinated agencies and planning decisions. This project will develop an evaluation framework to assess the effectiveness of planning and natural resource management governance at the regional scale. The evaluation will be used to reform and improve regional governance and implement best practices for Australia to improve natural resource management decision making.
Investigators: Douglas Baker, Neil Sipe, Severine Mayere, Karen Vella and Allan Dale in collaboration with Bruce Taylor, Richard Margerum, Andrew Drysdale, Lucy Richardson, Kathryn Fletcher, Elyse Riethmuller, David Hinchley and Patricia Gowdie (Queensland University of Technology, The University of Queensland, Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation, Oregon State University, Cairns Institute, Queensland Regional Natural Resource Management Groups Collective, Condamine Alliance, Queensland Murray Darling Committee, Fitzroy Basin Association, Terrain Natural Resource Management (Wet Tropics) and NQ Dry Tropics)
Social resilience benchmarking in the Southern Gulf region
Indicative funding: $19,990
This project will develop the social resilience benchmarking tool with the most current and best available data and evidence, providing a current assessment of the social resilience of the Southern Gulf communities against a set of prescribed indicators, with reference to climate change drivers.
Investigators: Allan Dale (The Cairns Institute)
Evaluation of pilots of the Inclusive Systemic Evaluation (ISE) guidance
Indicative Funding: $9,756 over 2 years
Dr Anne Stephens and Dr Ellen Lewis are research partners. Dr Stephens is based at JCU (Australia). Dr Lewis University of Hull (UK). In 2016 they collaborated with UN Women?s Independent Evaluation Office to develop the Inclusive Systemic Evaluation (ISE) Approach for Gender Equality, Environments, and voices from the Margins (GEMs): A Guidance for Evaluators for the SDG Era (hereon known as the ISE Guidance). The guidance is a UN Women resource with a comprehensive 8 chapter online and published book to support practitioners gain both theoretical and practical skills to apply systemic evaluation to their practice. The Guidance is a practical tool to support the future provisions of people with serious unmet needs, whether physical, social, economic, educational, or political. It contains a dozen tools, examples of practice and other resources. The Guide is being piloted in various sites across the globe. This project will conduct a meta-evaluation of various pilot studies around the guide featuring different uses and efforts with the ISE methodology.
Investigators: Anne Stephens [Cairns Institute Adjunct] and Ellen Lewis (College of Arts, Society & Education and University of Hull)
Integrating conservation outcomes from landholder priorities for effective restoration in a Great Barrier Reef catchment
Indicative funding: $9,450
The design of programs for private land restoration and conservation are typically aimed at delivering conservation outcomes (public goods). Rarely do these programs simultaneously aim to deliver outcomes that are relevant and useful to the private landholder (private goods). However, synergies do exist between the delivery of public and private goods: healthy ecosystems, for example, are beneficial to private landholders, such as primary producers and ecotourism operators, and are also important to natural resource managers and the wider community. This project thus aims to
Chief Investigators: Bob Pressey [Cairns Institute Fellow], Natalie Stoeckl [Cairns Institute Adjunct], Stephanie Januchowski and Katie Moon
Collaborating Schools/Institutions: School of Business; School of Marine and Tropical Biology; School of Earth and Environmental Sciences; The Cairns Institute
How midwifery students at a university in PNG understand, experience and manage the provision of care to women following stillbirth
Indicative funding: $3,000
This study will describe and theorise the understanding of stillbirth and experiences of providing care to women following stillbirth with a cohort of midwifery students at a university in Papua New Guinea. The study will document social, cultural, spiritual and professional factors that inform the provision of care from the perspective of midwifery students who have been maternal healthcare providers prior to enrolment. The study will contribute to the body of knowledge on stillbirth experiences in resource limited and complex social and cultural settings, and enhance collaboration between JCU and Pacific Adventist University.
Chief Investigators: Karen Cheer, Komla Tsey, David MacLaren and Jenny Kelly
Collaborating Institutions: College of Arts, Society & Education; College of Medicine & Dentistry; The Cairns Institute
Enhancing the health of the governance system driving ecosystem service markets in northern Australia
Indicative Funding: $2,400
Degradation of ecosystems systems and processes is of increasing concern globally. Attempts to maintain the flow of ecosystem services through market-based instruments has, however, had varying success. Good governance is increasingly recognised as fundamental to ensuring equitable social and environmental outcomes, and likely to aid in overcoming some of the challenges faced by a more pure market based approach. This study will empirically analyse the governance systems that are emerging for ecosystem service markets in two synchronous case studies in Far North Queensland using the Governance System Analysis framework.
Investigators: Rebecca Pearse [Cairns Institute Adjunct] and Allan Dale (Cairns Institute)
11th European Society for Oceanists (ESFO) conference attendance and paper presentation
Indicative funding: $1,000
The funding will support travel costs to attend the 11th European Society for Oceanists (ESFO) conference and present in the panel "Tourism development and cultural landscapes in Oceania: Critical interdisciplinary responses".
Chief Investigator: Jennifer Gabriel [Cairns Institute Fellow]